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Difference Between MRI and CT Scan

mri-and-ct-scan

The world has been evolving rapidly, and so does technology. We wake up every day and hear new inventions and innovations that we couldn’t even think of—the same goes in the field of medicine. To save humans’ precious lives and make health investigations more quick and sound, testing and medicines are upgraded and invented regularly to discover an illness in its initial stages inside the body and not cause irreversible harm.

operation

MRI and CT scans are also some inventions in medicine that have entirely altered the diagnosis. These are the innovative versions of x-ray and help in the complete internal examination of the body by providing every minute detail. You might be wondering if both are responsible for internal examination and providing a clear inner picture of the body, then how do these two tests differ? There are many differences between these two tests that we will explore in this article. But, first, let’s start with its comparison table.

Comparison Table

ParametersMRICT Scan
RaysRadio Waves
& Magnetic Fields
X-rays
Machine StructureClosed like
a death bed
Open Machine
CostVery ExpensiveLess Expensive
TimeRequires Approx. 1 hourTakes 15-20 minutes
RadiationsExposes a patient
to high radiations
Exposes a patient to
low-intensity radiations
DetailingGives a more detailed picture
of the body’s inside
Provides less clear
images than MRI
NoiseVery NoisyProduces Less Noise
ClaustrophobiaCauses AnxietyDoes not cause any discomfort

What is MRI?

MRI-Machine

Magnetic resonance imaging, commonly known as MRI, uses radio waves and magnetic fields to produce a detailed body image, including the bones and tissues. The images produced in the MRI are layered on top of one another. These help the doctors and radiologists understand what has been happening inside the body and its tissues.

Due to the in-depth images produced by MRI, this scan is ideal for examining the ankles, joints, breast, blood vessels, and organs such as kidneys, brain, heart, etc. besides being a good technology, this procedure is a time-consuming test and takes 1 hour at times. Moreover, the test is noisy, and the patient feels uncomfortable due to suffocation and loud noises.

What is CT Scan?

CT-Scan

A CT-Scan is a body scan by using x-rays to produce images. The process is quick, less noisy, and painless and requires the patient to lie down on a bed, and the body will pass through a machine that will record pictures using x-rays. With the help of computer technology, 2D cross-sectional images or slices of the body area are being imaged. You might be wondering then why CT-scan is better than normal x-ray, so it’s because the 2D images, when stacked together, can create a 3D view for more detailed visualization of the body. 

The machine takes pictures of the body from different angles in the CT scan. Hence, the scan is ideal for analyzing tumors, bone fractures, cancer, or finding any underlying internal bleeding.

Similarities between MRI and CT Scan

MRI and CT Scan are although different technologies; there are still some similarities between the two mentioned below:

  • The primary purpose of both tests is to analyze the body and examine any health-related issue internally.
  • The tests help cancer detection and diagnose the disease in its earliest stages.
  • The radiations used for getting the pictures can cause damaging effects in the body, and therefore these scans are strictly prohibited during pregnancy.
  • For more visible results, the tests can be done by adding a contrast dye inside the patient’s body, which causes adverse effects, especially to the kidneys.

Differences between MRI and CT Scan

Primary Function

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, plays a primary role in detecting soft tissue problems, alterations in tendons, ligaments, and the brain.

CT Scan

The CT scan helps explicitly detect trauma injuries, blood vessel clotting, and cancer.

Visual Results

MRI

The visual representation of bony structures is less detailed than the CT scan.

CT Scan

On the contrary, the imaging outcomes are more apparent than MRI.

Use of Radiation

MRI

The magnetic resonance imaging processes through strong magnetic fields.

CT Scan

On the other hand, this scanning requires low doses of radiation for processing.

Duration of Process

MRI

The process continues for up to a maximum of thirty minutes.

CT Scan

In contrast, this procedure is less time-consuming, only requiring five to ten minutes.

Type of Noise Produced

MRI

These machines usually produce loud noises, so to avoid any ear damage, you will get earplugs or headphones before processing.

CT Scan

In contrast, CT scanners effectively generate soft noises, so there is no such harm as well.

Cost

MRI

The procedure is very expensive.

CT Scan

This process, on the other hand, is less expensive.

Limitations

MRI

People with sensitive medical history or pregnant women cannot undergo MRI.

CT Scan

On the contrary, CT scans have no side effects on patients with medical implantations. However, pregnant women still should avoid such procedures.

Which One to Choose; MRI or CT Scan?

Doctor-checking-X-Rays

MRI and CT scan both are equally important and successful in their respective domains. Still, at times people find the two tests indifferent as both have the primary purpose of examining the internal situation of the body.

However, the MRI and CT scan decision depend entirely upon the part of your body that your doctor eventually wants to examine. If your doctor wants to examine joints, tissues, or organs, he may ask you for an MRI, whereas if your doctor wants to investigate any internal injury or a fracture, you will be asked for a CT scan.

Conclusion

MRI and CT scans are some of the most valuable innovations in medicine. The tests are vital to diagnose and cure high-risk illnesses at early stages with accuracy. The tests have a lot of differences and similarities and are usually performed when routine x-rays, ultrasounds, and other tests are not helping in diagnosis. 

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