Applied chemistry is the application of the theories and principles of chemistry to practical purposes and for understanding basic chemical properties of materials and for producing new materials.
In simple words, applied chemistry is applying knowledge to modify things more accurately. The role of applied chemistry in environmental problems and its contribution to developing new materials increases the interest of scientists in these days
Pure Chemistry or chemistry is different from the applied chemistry
Both pure and applied chemistry are the branches of chemistry. Pure chemistry includes pure research means its research on the raw instead of matter. How things work, why they work, what they are made of, and how they behave are all things that pure chemistry tries to understand and make new theories and principles.
The major study fields are Physical chemistry, Materials chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry, and Medicinal Chemistry. While Polymer chemistry and Medicinal chemistry are two major fields that play a specific role in applied chemistry
Polymer chemistry is used for producing a wide range of polymeric materials that are usable to a variety of applications. The polymerization is the process used in the production of polymeric material in which monomer molecules undergo a chemical reaction to form a polymer chain. They are two basic types of polymer
Biopolymer (comprise of organic material)
Synthetic polymer (human-made polymers derived from petroleum oil includes structural materials manifested in plastics, synthetic fibers, paints, building materials, furniture, mechanical parts, and adhesives.
Medicinal chemistry helps in researching and developing new drugs. In medicinal chemistry a medical chemist applies his/her chemistry training to the process of synthesizing new pharmaceuticals.
Branches of Applied Chemistry
Applied Analytical Chemistry
Applied Analytical Chemistry is the Study of determination of the composition of matter, its structure and qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis of its composition
Industrial Applied Chemistry
It includes the synthesis of inorganic chemicals, preparation, and classification of heterogeneous catalysts, homogeneous catalysis, oil, gas, and coal in the preparation of petrochemicals, synthesis of intermediates, and end products.
Applied Biochemistry use the knowledge and methods to understand the problems of the world like to investigate the cause of diseases in medicine, to study the effect of nutritional deficiencies, to find ways for pest control.
Geochemistry is a powerful exploration tool used to detect abnormally high concentrations of chemical elements associated with mineral or hydrocarbon deposits and help to define regional extensive mineral assemblages.
Petrochemistry is concerned with petroleum and natural gas, the transformation of crude oil (petroleum) and natural gas into products or raw materials, and with their refining and processing.
This branch deals the radioactive elements both natural and artificial and uses the radioactive substance in the study of chemical processes.
It is the modern, advanced, and sustainable processing along with the production of fuels, materials, and products made with the chemical.
Examples of applied chemistry include the creation of a variety of laundry detergents on the market and the development of oil refineries.
Students with an applied chemistry degree can do the following jobs
- Academic researcher
- Analytical chemist
- Chemical engineer
- Clinical scientist, biochemistry
- Forensic scientist
- Research scientist (physical sciences)
- Scientific laboratory technician